Robert V. Baumgartner
Mr. Baumgartner has served on the Company's Board since 2003 and as Chairman since 2012. Mr. Baumgartner has served as Executive Chairman, Director of the Center for Diagnostic Imaging, Inc., an operator of diagnostic imaging centers, since 2001. Until August, 2015, Mr. Baumgartner also served as Chief Executive Officer of that company. Prior to 2001, he held numerous executive positions, including as Chief Executive Officer and Director of American Coating International, President and Chief Executive Officer of First Solar and President of the Apogee Glass Group. He began his professional career at KPMG LLC, an international accounting firm. Mr. Baumgartner currently serves on the board of Carestream Health, Inc.
Charles A. Dinarello, M.D.
Charles A. Dinarello, M.D., has served on the Company's Board since 2005. Dr. Dinarello received his medical degree from Yale University and his clinical training at the Massachusetts General Hospital, and, among other positions, has been employed by the National Institutes of Health. Since 1996, Dr. Dinarello has been Professor of Medicine and Immunology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora, Colorado, and he is currently also Professor of Experimental Medicine at Radboud University in the Netherlands. Previously, he was Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine and a staff physician at the New England Medical Center Hospital in Boston. From March 2009 to February 2011, Dr. Dinarello served as acting CEO of Omni Bio Pharmaceutical, Inc. In 1998, Dr. Dinarello was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences, and in 2010, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences.
John L. Higgins
John L. Higgins has served on the Company's Board since 2009. Mr. Higgins has been President and Chief Executive Officer of Ligand Pharmaceuticals, Inc. since January 2007 and has been a member of Ligand's Board of Directors since March 2007. From 1997 until joining Ligand, Mr. Higgins was with Connetics Corporation, a specialty pharmaceutical company, as its Chief Financial Officer, and also served as Executive Vice President, Finance and Administration and Corporate Development at Connetics from January 2002 until its acquisition by Stiefel Laboratories, Inc. in December 2006. Mr. Higgins was previously a member of the executive management team and a director at BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company. Mr. Higgins also serves as Chairman of CoMentis, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, and has served as a director of numerous public and private companies.
Karen A. Holbrook, Ph.D.
Karen A. Holbrook, Ph.D., has served on the Company's Board since 2007. She currently is the interim president of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Dr. Holbrook served as Senior Vice President for Research and Innovation from 2007 to 2010, and the Senior Vice President for Global Affairs and International Research from 2010 to 2013 at the University of South Florida. She continues to serve as a senior advisor to the president of the University of South Florida and as a private consultant. She served as President of The Ohio State University from 2002 to 2007. Dr. Holbrook previously served as Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost at The University of Georgia, as well as Professor of Cell Biology and Adjunct Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology and Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia.
Charles (Chuck) Kummeth
Charles R. Kummeth has been President, Chief Executive Officer, and member of the Board of the Company since April 1, 2013. Prior to joining the Company, he served as President of Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography at Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. from September 2011. He was President of that company's Laboratory Consumables Division from 2009 to September 2011. Prior to joining Thermo Fisher, Mr. Kummeth served in various roles at 3M Corporation, most recently as the Vice President of the company's Medical Division from 2006 to 2008. Mr. Kummeth has also serves on the board of Sparton Corp, an electromechanical device company.
Roger C. Lucas, Ph.D.
Roger C. Lucas, Ph.D., has been Vice Chairman and senior scientific advisor to the Company's Board since 1995 and a Director since 1985. He was a recipient of the National Institutes of Health pre- and post-doctoral fellowships and also served as Assistant Professor of Biochemistry at the State University of New York Medical School. Dr. Lucas is a private investor and currently Chair Emeritus of Envoy Medical Corporation and a member of the board of ChemoCentryx, Inc. In 1980 Dr. Lucas joined R&D Systems as Head of Research. In 1985, he founded the Company's Biotechnology Division, and from 1985 until his retirement in 1995, Dr. Lucas was Chief Scientific Officer, Executive Vice President and Secretary of the Company.
Roeland Nusse, Ph.D.
Roeland Nusse, Ph.D., has served on the Company's Board since May 2010. Dr. Nusse has served as Chairman of the Department of Developmental Biology at Stanford University since 2007. Dr. Nusse has been a professor or associate professor in the Department of Developmental Biology at Stanford University and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute since 1990. He has also been the chair of the Department of Developmental Biology at Stanford since 2007. Dr. Nusse was previously at the Netherlands Cancer Institute (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) as a staff scientist and ultimately head of the Department of Molecular Biology. Dr. Nusse was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences in April 2010. Dr. Nusse was previously named a member of the European Molecular Biology Organization in 1988, a member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in 1997 and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2001.
Randolph C. Steer, M.D., Ph.D.
Randolph C. Steer, M.D., Ph.D., has served on the Company's Board since 1990. Dr. Steer is currently an independent biotechnology consultant. He served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Capstone Therapeutics Corp. from April 2006 to October 2011. Dr. Steer was elected to the Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees in November 2011. In the past five years, Dr. Steer also served as a director of Vital Therapies, Inc. From 1989 to 2006 Dr. Steer was a consultant to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, where he advised companies in business development, medical marketing and regulatory and clinical affairs. His prior experience includes service as Associate Director of Medical Affairs at Marion Laboratories and as Medical Director at Ciba Consumer Pharmaceuticals.
Harold J. Wiens has served on the Company's Board since May 2014. He is a 30-plus year veteran of The 3M Company. Mr. Wiens began his 3M career in 1968 and held multiple domestic and international engineering and production management roles, including Memory Technologies Group Manufacturing Manager for the Europe location, Managing Director and Executive Vice President of Sumitomo 3M, and, most recently, Executive Vice President of 3M's Industrial Sector. Prior to retiring from 3M in 2006, Mr. Wiens restructured the business and led a global implementation of Six Sigma, which together resulted in faster business processes and a focus on customers that drove international growth.